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Scientific Journal publications

Set out below are examples of NBU scientific articles and publications.











  • Cuthbertson, A.G., Mathers, J.J., Blackburn, L.F., Powell, M.E., Marris, G., Pietravalle, S., Brown, M.A. and Budge, G.E., (2012) Screening commercially available entomopathogenic biocontrol agents for the control of Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in the UK. Insects, 3(3), pp.719-726
  • Martin, S.J., Highfield, A.C., Brettell, L., Villalobos, E.M., Budge, G.E., Powell, M., Nikaido, S. and Schroeder, D.C., (2012) Global honey bee viral landscape altered by a parasitic mite. Science, 336(6086), pp.1304-1306
  • Van der Zee, R., Pisa, L., Andonov, S., Brodschneider, R., Charrière, J.D., Chlebo, R., Coffey, M.F., Crailsheim, K., Dahle, B., Gajda, A. and Gray, A., (2012) Managed honey bee colony losses in Canada, China, Europe, Israel and Turkey, for the winters of 2008–9 and 2009–10. Journal of Apicultural Research, 51(1), pp.100-114
  • Evison, S.E., Roberts, K.E., Laurenson, L., Pietravalle, S., Hui, J., Biesmeijer, J.C., Smith, J.E., Budge, G. and Hughes, W.O., (2012) Pervasiveness of parasites in pollinators. PloS one, 7(1), p.e30641




  • Cuthbertson, A.G.S. and Brown, M.A., (2009) Issues affecting British honey bee biodiversity and the need for conservation of this important ecological component. International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology, 6(4), pp.695-699
  • Tomkies, V., Flint, J., Johnson, G., Waite, R., Wilkins, S., Danks, C., Watkins, M., Cuthbertson, A.G., Carpana, E., Marris, G. and Budge, G., (2009) Development and validation of a novel field test kit for European foulbrood. Apidologie, 40(1), pp.63-72
  • Adams, S.J., Fussell, R.J., Dickinson, M., Wilkins, S. and Sharman, M., (2009) Study of the depletion of lincomycin residues in honey extracted from treated honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies and the effect of the shook swarm procedure. Analytica Chimica Acta, 637(1-2), pp.315-320.
  • Becker, R., Vergnet, C., Maus, C., Pistorius, J., Tornier, I. and Wilkins, S., (2009) Proposal of the ICPBR Bee Brood Group for testing and assessing potential side effects from the use of plant protection products on honey bee brood. Julius-Kühn-Archiv, (423), p.43.


  • Adams, S.J., Heinrich, K., Fussell, R.J., Wilkins, S., Thompson, H.M., Ashwin, H.M. and Sharman, M., (2008) Study of the distribution and depletion of chloramphenicol residues in bee products extracted from treated honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies. Apidologie, 39(5), pp.537-546
  • Baker, R.H.A., Black, R., Copp, G.H., Haysom, K.A., Hulme, P.E., Thomas, M.B., Brown, A., Brown, M., Cannon, R.J.C., Ellis, J. and Ellis, M., (2008) The UK risk assessment scheme for all non-native species
  • Cuthbertson, A.G., Mathers, J.J., Blackburn, L.F., Wakefield, M.E., Collins, L.E., Luo, W. and Brown, M.A., (2008) Maintaining Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) under quarantine laboratory conditions in the UK and preliminary observations on its behaviour. Journal of apicultural research, 47(3), pp.192-193.
  • Garrido, C., Carbú, M., Fernández-Acero, F.J., Budge, G., Vallejo, I., Colyer, A. and Cantoral, J.M., (2008) Isolation and pathogenicity of Colletotrichum spp. causing anthracnose of strawberry in South West Spain. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 120(4), pp.409-415.




  • Thompson, H., Waite, R.J., Wilkins, S., Brown, M. A., Bigwood, T., Shaw, M., Ridgway, C., Sharman, M., (2005) Effects of European foulbrood treatment regime on oxytetracycline levels in honey extracted from treated honeybee (Apis mellifera) colonies and toxicity to brood. Food Additives and Contaminants, 22: 573-578.


  • Thompson, H.M., Wilkins, S., Battersby, A.H., Waite, R.J. and Wilkinson, D., (2004) The effects of four insect growth-regulating (IGR) insecticides on honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) colony development, queen rearing and drone sperm production. Ecotoxicology, 14(7), pp.757-769. 


  • Thompson, H.M., (2003) Behavioural effects of pesticides in bees–their potential for use in risk assessment. Ecotoxicology, 12(1-4), pp.317-330.
  • Thompson, H., Ball, R., Brown, M. and Bew, M., (2003) Varroa destructor resistance to pyrethroid treatments in the United Kingdom. Bulletin of Insectology, 56, pp.175-184.
  • Thompson, H. and Wilkins, S., (2003) Assessment of the synergy and repellency of pyrethroid/fungicide mixtures. Bulletin of Insectology, 56(1), pp.131-134.
  • Waite, R.J., Brown, M.A., Thompson, H.M. and Bew, M.H., (2003) Controlling European foulbrood with the shook swarm method and oxytetracycline in the UK. Apidologie, 34(6), pp.569-575.
  • Waite, R., Brown, M. and Thompson, H., (2003) Hygienic behaviour in honey bees in the UK: a preliminary study. Bee World, 84(1), pp.19-26.
  • Waite, R., Jackson, S. and Thompson, H., (2003) Preliminary investigations into possible resistance to oxytetracycline in Melissococcus plutonius, a pathogen of honeybee larvae. Letters in applied microbiology, 36(1), pp.20-24.


  • Brown, M.A., Thompson, H.M. and Bew, M.H., (2002) Risks to UK beekeeping from the parasitic mite Tropilaelaps clareae and the Small hive beetle, Aethina tumida. Bee World, 83(4), pp.151-164.
  • Thompson, H.M., Brown, M.A., Ball, R.F. and Bew, M.H., (2002) First report of Varroa destructor resistance to pyrethroids in the UK. Apidologie, 33(4), pp.357-366.
  • Wilkinson, D. and Brown, M.A., (2002) Rearing queen honey bees in a queenright colony. American Bee Journal, 142(4), pp.270-274.
  • Wilkinson, D. and Smith, G.C., (2002) A model of the mite parasite, Varroa destructor, on honeybees (Apis mellifera) to investigate parameters important to mite population growth. Ecological Modelling, 148(3), pp.263-275.
  • Wilkinson, D., Smith, G.C., Hutton, S. and York, Y., (2002) Modelling the Efficiency of Sampling and Trapping Varroa destructor in the Drone Brood of Honey bees (Apis mellifera). American Bee Journal, 142(3), pp.209-212.


  • Lewis, G.B., Gough, H.J., Kunast, C., Thompson, H.M. and Stevenson, J.H., (2001) The use of toxic standards in the honey bee acute toxicity test. COLLOQUES-INRA, pp.149-158.
  • Thompson, H.M., (2001) Assessing the exposure and toxicity of pesticides to bumblebees (Bombus sp.). Apidologie, 32(4), pp.305-321.
  • Thompson, H.M., (2001) Assessing the exposure and toxicity of pesticides to bumble bees. In: Hazards of Pesticides to Bees, Proceedings of the 7th ICPBR Bee Protection Symposium, Avignon. Edited by Belzunces, L.P., Pelissier, C. & Lewis, G.B., published by INRA, Paris.
  • Thompson, H.M., Barrett, K.A., (2001) Assessing the effects of a glasshouse application of a novel insect growth regulator on bumble bee colonies. In: Hazards of Pesticides to Bees, Proceedings of the 7th ICPBR Bee Protection Symposium, Avignon. Edited by Belzunces, L.P., Pelissier, C. & Lewis, G.B., published by INRA, Paris.
  • Thompson, H.M., Brown, M.A., (2001) Is contact colony treatment an effective control for European foulbrood? Bee World, 82: 30-138.
  • Thompson, H.M., Folkard-Ward, H., (2001) Toxicity of realistic combinations of pyrethroids and fungicides to honeybees. In: Hazards of Pesticides to Bees, Proceedings of the 7th ICPBR Bee Protection Symposium, Avignon. Edited by Belzunces, L.P., Pelissier, C. & Lewis, G.B., published by INRA, Paris.
  • Wilkinson, P.D., Thompson, H.M., Smith, G.C., (2001) Modelling biological approaches to controlling varroa populations. American Bee Journal, 141: 511-516


  • Thompson, H.M., & Barnett, E.A., (2000) Pesticides and Honeybees, Central Association of Beekeepers.


  • Thompson, H.M., Brown, M.A., (1999) The role of the National Bee Unit in controlling statutory bee diseases. Bee World, 80: 132-139.
  • Thompson, H.M., Hunt, L.V., (1999) Extrapolating from honeybees to bumble bees in pesticide risk assessment. Ecotoxicology, 8: 147-166.